Ouzhan Trade (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Lapaʻau ʻilikai

ʻO ka mea mua, pono mākou e ʻike i ke kumu e pono ai ka huahana i ka mālama ma luna, he aha ka hana, a he aha ka pilikia e hoʻoponopono ai.

ʻO ka mea mua, ke ʻano lapaʻau o ka papa o ka hana ʻimi hoʻopunipuni i kahi papa o ka papa o ka mea substrate ʻokoʻa i nā ʻano mechanical, physical a me chemicals o ka substrate. ʻO ke kumu o ka mālama ʻana i ʻilikai e hoʻokō i ka pale kūpaʻa o ka huahana, ʻaʻa i ka pale, hoʻonaninani a i ʻole nā ​​koi hana ʻē aʻe.

E nīnau nā mea kūʻai aku he nui iā mākou no ke aha mākou e pono ai i ka mālama honua, he aha ka hana, a he aha ke kumu o ka hoʻohui ʻana i kēia kaʻina hana?

ʻO Ouzhan limahana limahana:ʻO ka mālama ʻana i ka ʻili e wehe i nā ʻano haole like ʻole (e like me ka ʻaila, ka popo, ka lepo, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni kahiko, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻili o ka mea, a hāʻawi i kahi substrate maikaʻi kūpono no nā koi uhi e hōʻoia i ke kiʻi uhi. loaʻa ka pale maikaʻi. Ka hana ʻana i ka popopo, ka hana hoʻonaninani a me kekahi mau hana kūikawā, pono e hana i ka ʻili o ka mea ma mua o ka pena ʻana. ʻO nā hana i hana ʻia e kēia ʻano lapaʻau e hui pū ʻia ʻia me ke ʻano he pena mua (ʻili) a i ʻole (ma luna) i hana mua ʻia.

Hoʻonui ka mālama honua i ka paʻa a me ka pale abrasion o ka huahana. Ma ke kumu kumu, hoʻonui ia i ka manawa hoʻohana a mālama nui i ka manawa, ke kumukūʻai a me ke kālā.

METOTE Uila

Hoʻohana kēia hana i ka hopena electrode e hana i kahi uhi ma luna o ka workpiece. ʻO nā ʻano hana nui:

(1) uila uila

I ka hopena electrolyte, ʻo ka workpiece ka cathode. ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka pena ʻana i ka papa ma lalo o ka hana o kahi au kūwaho i kapa ʻia ʻo electroplating. Hiki i ka pale plating ke hao, oka a, semiconductor a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana paʻa paʻa like ʻole, e like me ka plating keleawe a me nā nickel plating.

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(2) 'Oksidation

I ka hopena electrolyte, ʻo ka workpiece ka anode. ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka hana ʻoniʻoni oxide ma ka ʻili ma lalo o ka hana o kēia au kū i waho i kapa ʻia ʻo anodization, e like me ka anodization o ke kinikini aluminika.
Hiki ke hana ʻia ka mālama ʻana i ka oxyidation o ke kila e nā kemika a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano electrochemical. ʻO ka hana kemika e kau i ka workpiece i kahi hopena oxidizing, a kaukaʻi i ka hana kemika e hana i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ma luna o ka mea hana, e like me ka uliuli ʻana i ke kila.

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ʻO CHEMISTRY FOLDING

ʻAʻohe hana o kēia hana, a hoʻohana i ka launa pū o nā mea kemika e hana i kahi uhi ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana. ʻO nā ʻano hana nui:

(1) Iecaianoaaiiieʻili lahilahi

I ka hopena electrolyte, ʻaʻohe hana o waho o ka metala i waho, a ʻo ka mea kemika i loko o ka hopena e launa pū me ka workpiece e hana i kahi uhi ma luna o ka ʻili, kahi i kapa ʻia he lāʻau lapaʻau hoʻololi hoʻololi kemikala. E like me ka bluing, phosphating, passivation, a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa paʻakai chromium o nā papa hao.

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(2) Palapu uila

I ka hopena electrolyte, catalytically mālama ʻia ka papa o ka workpiece me ka ʻole o ka hopena o waho. I ka hopena, ma muli o ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o nā mea kemika, ke kaʻina o ka waiho ʻana i kekahi mau mea ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana ai i kahi uhi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka electroless plating, e like me ka nickel electroless, ke keleawe keleawe uila, etc.

KA HANA ANA I KA WELA

ʻO kēia hana e hoʻoheheʻe a hoʻomehana paha i nā mea ma lalo o nā kūlana wela kiʻekiʻe e hana i kahi uhi ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana. ʻO nā ʻano hana nui:

(1) Pā kuʻi wela

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka waiho ʻana i kahi mea hana hao i loko o ka mea hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia e hana i kahi uhi ma luna o ka ʻili e kapa ʻia ka plating hoʻōlapa wela, e like me ka galvanizing hoʻowaiwai a me ka pā wela wela.

(2) Pāʻū wela
ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka hao i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia a kāpīpī iā ia ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana ai i kahi uhi i kapa ʻia he spraying thermal, e like me ka spraying zinc a me ka aluminium spraying thermal.

(3) Hahi hahana
ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka hoʻomehana ʻana a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka pepa hao e uhi ai i ka ʻāpana o ka mea hana e hana ai i kahi uhi kapa ʻia i kapa ʻia he wela wela, e like me ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā pepa alumini.

(4) Hana hoʻomehana wela
ʻO ke kaʻina hana e hoʻopili ai ka mea hana me nā mea kemika a hoʻomehana ʻia, a komo kekahi mea i ka ʻili o ka mea hana i kahi mahana wela kiʻekiʻe i kapa ʻia ka mālama ʻana i ka wela kemika, e like me ka nitriding a me ka carburizing.

(5) Ke heʻe nalu
Ma ka wili ʻana, ke kaʻina hana o ka waiho ʻana i ka mea hao i waiho ʻia ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana i kahi papa kuʻihao i kapa ʻia he surfacing, e like me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka surfacing me nā ʻākoeki kūpaʻa paʻa.

KA MANAʻO VACUUM FOLDING

ʻO kēia ʻano hana kahi hana i vaporized ai ionized a paʻa ʻia i ka papa o ka workpiece ma lalo o ka hakahaka kiʻekiʻe e hana ai i ka uhi. ʻO ke kumu nui.

(1) Hoʻokomo i ka mahu mahu (PVD)

Ma lalo o nā kūlana pahū, ke kaʻina hana o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i nā mea hao i loko o nā ʻoma a i ʻole nā ​​mole, a i ʻole e hoʻopili ʻana iā lākou i nā iona, e waiho pololei ʻia ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana ai i ka uhi, i kapa ʻia ka waiho ʻana o ka mahu kino. ʻO ka paukū ʻāpana i waiho ʻia mai nā kumu kūmole ʻole, e like me ka evaporation Sputtering plating, ion plating, etc.

(2) Ion implantation

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ke kanu ʻana i nā iona ʻokoʻa i ka papa o ka mea hana ma lalo o ka uila e hoʻololi i ka ʻili i kapa ʻia ʻo ion implantation, e like me ka injection boron.

(3) Waiho Waila Kahi (CVD)

Ma lalo o ke kaomi haʻahaʻa (i kekahi manawa kaomi maʻamau), ke kaʻina hana a nā kinoea i hana ai i kahi papa hoʻoiho paʻa i ka ʻili o ka mea hana ma muli o nā hopena kemika i kapa ʻia ka mahu uahi kemu, e like me ka mahu o ka silikona oxide a me ka silide nitride.

Nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka wahī

ʻO ka hana nui mechanical, chemicals, electrochemical, a me nā ʻano hana kino. ʻO nā ʻano hana nui:

Paʻi kiʻi

ʻO ke kāpī hana ʻole a palaki ʻana paha ke kaʻina hana o ka pena ʻana i ka pena (meaola a i ʻole meaola ʻole) ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana ai i kahi uhi, i kapa ʻia he pena, pena, a pēlā aku.

Hopena plating

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka hana ʻana i ka uhi uhi ma ka ʻili o ka mea hana me ka hopena mechanical i kapa ʻia ka hopena plating, e like me ka galvanizing hopena.

Lapaʻau ʻili kukuna

ʻO ke kaʻina hana o ka irradiating i ka ʻili o ka workpiece me ka laser e hoʻololi i kāna ʻano i kapa ʻia ʻo ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa laser, e like me ke kinai ʻana o ka laser a me ka hana hou ʻana o ka laser.

ʻEnehana ʻenehana Superdural

ʻO ka ʻenehana o ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i kahi kiʻi ʻino paakiki ma luna o ka workpiece e nā ʻano kino a i ʻole kemika i kapa ʻia he ʻenehana kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻoi loa. E like me ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, kiʻi kiʻi cubic boron nitride a pēlā aku.

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ELELE ELELE A ME KA HUAKAI U uila

1. Uila

Ma ke ʻano he electrode, hoʻokomo ʻia ka workpiece i loko o ka pena wai i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia a i ʻole wai-emulsified, a hana i kahi kaapuni me nā uila i loko o ka pena. Ma lalo o ka hana o ke kahua uila, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka hopena uhi i loko o nā ion resin i hoʻoili ʻia, neʻe nā cation i ka cathode, a neʻe nā anion i ka anode. Hoʻopili ʻia kēia mau ion resin, me nā ʻāpana pigment adsorbed, electrophoresed i ka ʻili o ka mea hana e hana ai i ka uhi. Kapa ʻia kēia hana he electrophoresis.

2. ʻEhuehu uila

Ma lalo o ka hana o kahi kahua uila uila kiʻekiʻe DC, kēnā ʻia nā ʻāpana pena kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻole ʻia e lele i luna o ka mea hana i hoʻopiʻi pono ʻia e kiʻi i kahi kiʻi pena, i kapa ʻia ka static spraying.